In the period between his ascension to presidency in 2000 and the onset of the war on Syria in 2011, Syrian President Bashar al-Assad sought to shift economic policy towards infitah (opening).

A Neo-Mahanian Reading of Turkey and China’s Changing Maritime Geopolitics It is difficult to overestimate the importance of maritime geopolitics in the study of international relations, even for the simple fact that the oceans cover 71% of the earth’s surface.

Although the West brands Turkey’s re-landing in the open sea as ‘Neo-Ottomanism’, Turkey’s Blue Homeland Doctrine is a 21st-century ge

SHALLOW GAS HYDRATES (GH) ZONES are important for earth sciences and economics for three main reasons.