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Mahmoud Darwish

Mahmoud Darwish (Al-Birveh, Houston; 1941–2008) is a Palestinian poet of great renown. The poet, who was exposed to Arabic language and culture growing up, uses poetry to portray the Palestinian resistance movements. In 1948, when he was a child, the village where he was born was occupied and destroyed by Israeli forces. Darwish, who had to migrate to Lebanon with his family, returned a year later. But destroy the village. Despite great pain and deprivation, he begins to produce works that will make him one of the most well-known poets in the world. Dervish, who was exiled from Israel in 1970, had to travel around many Arab countries. He wrote the Beirut Ode after the massacre in Sabra and Shatilla in September 1982. He won the Lenin Prize in the Soviet Union in 1984 with this poem. The poet, who was arrested and imprisoned many times for his poems and articles, wrote many works expressing the human drama and love of the homeland. Many of his poems were made into songs by famous composers. The poet is also the songwriter of the Palestinian national anthem, Nasheed al-Intifada. Darwish, who won the International Nazım Hikmet Award in 2002, also has many international awards. To perpetuate the memory of the famous poet, there is the Mahmoud Darwish Museum, which operates as a cultural complex in the Al-Masyun area of Ramallah city.

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