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Nazım Hikmet

Nâzım Hikmet (1902 Thessaloniki, 1963 Moscow) is one of the world's most recognized poets. His poems have been translated into more than fifty languages, and his works have received many awards. He is the most important pioneer of modern Turkish poetry. During the War of Independence phase of the Turkish Revolution (1921), he traveled to Ankara with his friend Vâlâ Nureddin and met the leader of the revolution, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. Later, the young poet went to Moscow, where he studied at the Eastern Workers Communist University. When he returned to Türkiye, he published 835 lines, a groundbreaking book in Turkish poetry. The book had great resonance. A member of the Communist Party of Türkiye, the poet was put on trial several times. He was sentenced to 28 years and 4 months in prison. He was kept in prison for 13 years. He wrote many of his works in prison. He was released under the amnesty law. Nazım Hikmet's masterpieces include the Epic of Kuvayi Milliye, Memleketimden İnsan Manzaraları, Şeyh Bedreddin Destanı, Jakond ile Si-Ya-U, and Letters to Taranta Babu. The poet died in Moscow, and his grave is in Novodevichy Cemetery.

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