Yang, C., Ma, J. (2024). The Three Initiatives and China’s Middle East Policy. BRIQ Belt and Road Initiative Quarterly, 5(3), 238-255.


The Global Development Initiative, Global Security Initiative, and Global Civilization Initiative are the three important initiatives proposed by China in 2021, 2022, and 2023, respectively. These initiatives focus on the three aspects of development, security and civilization, with the fundamental purpose of building a community with a shared future for mankind, and provide Chinese solutions to global challenges. The Global Civilization Initiative is flourishing the garden of world civilizations; as for the Global Development Initiative, the Belt and Road Initiative has become an engine for promoting the common development of all countries; as for the Global Security Initiative, the Saudi-Iran reconciliation is an important attempt by China to build a security governance system in the Middle East. However, it should be noted that although the Middle East has become increasingly important to China, this series of initiatives does not mean that China will engage in strategic competition with the United States in the Middle East. In a word, China will not fall into the trap of great power competition.

Keywords: Global Development initiative, Global Security Initiative, Global Civilization Initiative, China-Middle East Relations.