Kılkış, B. (2021). The Black Sea: A sea of energy, prosperity, and peace. Belt & Road Initiative Quarterly, 2(2), 58-71.


This paper discusses the potential role of the Black Sea in establishing a wider, more sustainable, environment-friendly, and interdisciplinary platform for innovative solutions with international cooperation among the Belt and Road Nations. Although this platform concept is based on two hydrogen research centers, one in China and the other in Turkey, with satellite centers along the entire Belt and Road, the benefits are discussed to fall out to a very wide spectrum of technological developments focusing on renewable energy, transportation, and welfare. The paper also argues the local benefit of cleaning the sea from harmful and dangerous concentrations of H2S gas by the close collaboration of the six countries around the Black Sea.

Keywords:  Black Sea, BRI, exergy, hydrogen economy, renewable energy